3.2.1 Bendel Horse Fountain, 1850, Stamford Museum and Nature Center, CT. Overview of the Italian marble fountain.
3.2.2 Marston Muses, Marston Hall, 1900, Iowa State University, Ames. Overview of Indiana Limestone sculptures.
3.2.3 Elizabeth Muzzy, 1722, Olde Burying Ground, Lexington, MA. Purple and green slate with irregular cleavage cracks.
3.2.4 World War Monument, Magonigle, Harold Van Buren, 1928, New Britain, CT. Development of preservation plan. for Indiana Limestone monument.
3.2.5 Soldiers Monument, Charles Conrads, 1868, Granby, CT. CT Valley sandstone figure before treatment.
3.2.6 Soldiers Monument, Charles Conrads, 1868, Granby, CT. CT Valley sandstone figure after conservation treatment.
3.2.7 Bennett Fountain, John Ferguson Weir, 1907, New Haven Green, CT. Marble based on Choragic Monument, Lysicrates, Athens, 334 BCE.
3.2.8 Broadway Civil War Monument, Smith Granite Company, 1905, New Haven, CT. Westerly, RI granite monument.
3.2.9 Capt. Nathanael Sutlief, 1760, Old Burying Ground, Durham, CT. View of treated CT Valley Sandstone Marker.
3.2.10 Ruth, Giovanni Batista Lombardi, 1862, Rome, Stamford Museum and Nature Center, CT. Italian marble after conservation.
3.2.11 Neighbors, Kreis, -WPA-1937, Stamford, CT. Tennessee Limestone after treatment.
3.2.12 National Iwo Jima Memorial, 1995, New Britain, CT. Polished granite cleaned of I-91 corridor pollutants.
3.2.13 Gordon Monument, Van Brunt & Howe, 1883, Savannah, GA. Polished granite columns and Indiana limestone ornamentation after treatment.
3.2.14 WWI Memorial, Evelyn Beatrice Longman, 1921, Naugatuck, CT. Tennessee Limestone after treatment.
3.2.15 Conversations, Christian Petersen, University Museums, Iowa State University, Ames. Detail of Indian Limestone after treatment.
3.2.16 Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Moffit and Doyle, 1896, New London, CT. Overview of upper red granite and Westerly blue granite.
3.2.17 Deacon Daniel Bull, 1776, Ancient Burying Ground, Hartford, CT. Detail schist marker during assessment and recommendations.
3.2.18 Bendel Lion - Alert, 1875, Stamford Museum and Nature Center, CT. Italian marble sculpture after treatment.
3.2.19 Soldiers Monument, Charles Conrads, 1868, Granby, CT. Overview of CT Valley sandstone monument after treatment.
3.2.20 Huius Seculi Constantia Atque Ordo Inconstantia Post Eritatis A St. J, Ian Hamiltan Finlay, 1990, Private Collection. Purbeck, England Limestone.
Durable and readily available, stone is a basic material used in art and architecture. Stone sculptural objects date to “goddesses” of fertility, carved over 40,000 years ago. Basic traditional stone types include sedimentary sandstone, limestone and travertine; metamorphic marble, slate and schist; as well as igneous basalt and granite. A wide variation within each stone type exists, effecting mineral composition, grain and crystal size, pore structure, color and texture. These variations in turn affect stone compressive and tensile strengths, chemical resistance, water absorption rates, thermal expansion coefficients, and salt and frost resistance.
Atmospheric pollutants, thermal cycles, freeze-thaw cycles, fatigue, inappropriate design, misapplication of materials and external stress lead to a host of detrimental conditions – soiling, grain loss, disaggregation, spalling, delamination, cracking, breaks and loss – each typically more endemic to basic type.
A carefully designed conservation treatment appropriately addresses the specific stone properties, the existing object condition, the environmental setting, the desired structural needs, and material compatibility. Testing, monitoring and logical sequencing of each treatment phase ensures appropriate material selection and application procedure. Allowing adequate time in the treatment schedule for material cure times is crucial, particularly when stone consolidation is required.
Conserve ART Stone Treatments:
- Stone Analysis
- Mortar Analysis
- Scale and Deposit Removal
- Consolidation of Calcareous & Siliceous Stones
- Injections & Fills
- Repair of Broken Sections
- Core Removal of Failing Anchors
- Replacement Carvings
- Composite Patching
- Safe Joint Clean-out
- Structural Armatures & Reinforcement
- Anchoring Systems